Nancy Greene (CAN) and Jean-Claude Killy (FRA) in Grenoble during the 1968 Winter Olympics. Photo courtesy Nancy Greene Raine.

Nancy Greene Raine

Olympic Legend

Name: Nancy Greene Raine
Affiliated Discipline(s): FIS World Cup, FIS World Ski Championships
Achievements: Overall FIS World Cup Winner, Canadian Female Athlete of the Century, Order of Canada 1968
Date of Birth / Death: 1943
Hometown: Ottawa, Rossland, Whistler, Sun Peaks (currently)
Active Career Period: 1959–1968
Induction CSHF: 1992
Induction Category: Alpine: Downhill, Giant Slalom, Builder

The racer they call Tiger

The following story, featuring an exclusive interview with Nancy Greene Raine, is part of the Canadian Ski History Writers Project (CSHWP), in partnership with the Chawkers Foundation and the International Ski History Association.

Only one race left. And the young ski racer they call Tiger, Nancy Greene Raine knows exactly how high the stakes are. Considered by many to be out of the running for the inaugural World Cup after failing to score any points for nearly two months, 23-year-old has mounted an impressive comeback these last few weeks. It started with a third in Franconia, followed by a big-time win in Vail; then came Jackson Hole and a crushing victory in giant slalom. Suddenly her main rival is within reach again. But Frances Marielle Goitschel is still the overwhelming favourite. The only way Tiger can be crowned 1967 overall champion is by winning the slalom on this. Its all or nothing. 

Who is this Canadian woman who dares to challenge the French skiing juggernaut of the late 1960s? And how has she managed to hoist herself atop the World Cup standings?  

>> read on below photo gallery

The career of Nancy Greene in photos

Photos courtesy Nancy Greene Raine
Photos courtesy Nancy Greene Raine
Photos courtesy Nancy Greene Raine
Photos courtesy Nancy Greene Raine
Photos courtesy Nancy Greene Raine
Photos courtesy Nancy Greene Raine
Photos courtesy Nancy Greene Raine
Photos courtesy Nancy Greene Raine
Photos courtesy Nancy Greene Raine

Disappointment in Portillo 

Although Nancy Greenes story really begins in the remote mountain town of Rossland, B.C., one need only revisit the 1966 World Alpine Skiing Championships in Portillo, Chile to get a glimpse of her exceptional drive to succeed. 

I went down to South America with very big goals,” she begins. I fully expected to be on the podium there.” Makes sense. As a 16-year-old newcomer to the Canadian team, Greene had witnessed her mentor and roommate, Anne Heggtveit, win gold at the 1960 Olympics in Squaw Valley. And it had inspired the teenager tremendously. Now, six years later, the experienced racer thought she too could bring skiing glory to her country. But could she really do it? I was too nervous in the slalom and didnt perform very well,” she says. But the downhill was coming up and I knew I was skiing fast.” 

Alas, the downhill proved even more disastrous. I remember my coach quietly telling me in the start gate: Win it! Win it for me, Nancy.’” She sighs. I guess that got me a little too excited. Near the bottom of the course there was this big roll over a road tunnel. In training, Id always wind-checked before hitting it. But on race day I decided to take it straight.” Bad decision. I crashed and somersaulted right into a retaining wall made of ice. I knew I had a good run going. I could even see the finish line…So frustrating.” 

Her best event, the giant slalom, was next. But badly bruised from her downhill fall (and skiing with an undiagnosed fractured tailbone), Greene finished just out of the medals in fourth place. 

But Tiger didnt come away from Chile entirely empty-handed. Says Greene Raine: Rossignol had just come out with a new fiberglass ski they wanted me to try, called the Strato. So I tested a pair in La Parva before the World Championships. And I loved skiing on them. But I decided that I shouldnt switch skis before such a big event, and I hid them under a huge stack of ski bags so I wouldnt be tempted.” 

Big Red, Big Ambitions

Nancy returned home with her new skis and an even greater determination to win. My coach, a former racer called Verne Anderson, also lived in Rossland,” she says. And together we trained with a veteran whod been a fitness trainer in the military. He knew nothing about skiing. But he knew everything about weight training.” 

Greene had another secret weapon. The Canadian team was now based out of Notre Dame University in nearby Nelson, BC. It was so practical to have a place where everyone could live and work and study together,” she says. Smiles. Besides, training with the mens squad meant there was always somebody to chase.”

Things were also progressing well on-snow. And the more she skied on her new Rossignol skis, the more Nancy realized how much they suited her style. They were 207cm giant slalom skis, and they really set me up for the season. In those days the thinking was that fiberglass skis were great on hard snow but you needed metal skis to go fast on softer snow.” She stops. Laughs. Well, I trusted those Stratos so much that when I left for the first European races of the 1967 season, I left my metal skis at home.” 

Greene continued to ski well, if not quite at the same scintillating pace. In Schruns, Austria she was third in the slalom and fourth in downhill. Though they were closing the gap, the French women were still behind in the race for the overall crown. 

But the Canadians had race obligations back in North America and were scheduled to return home. Would Greene be forced to accompany them? It wasnt common practice to leave athletes behind to compete on their own in those days,” explains Greene Raine. But at the last minute, our coaches decided that my teammate Karen Dokka and I would remain in Europe for one more event.” 

They didnt have it particularly easy. We were responsible for everything,” she says. We even had to prep and wax our own skis.

Still, it was a lot of fun. It felt very liberating to be left alone like that.” But the lack of team support began to show and she failed to earn any points at the next two races in StGervais, France. Still, when she left for home in February, many on the circuit were convinced Tiger was making the biggest mistake of her career. By missing the last European stops, they argued, she was leaving the door wide open for her rivals to score points. 

The World Cup points formula was complex that year: only the top three results in each discipline would count toward an athletes total in the race for the overall title. But my dad, the engineer, had crunched all the numbers,” she says. He was confident that there were still enough races in the spring for me to make up the point deficit.” 

And so was Nancy. I knew that I had to start strong in those first March races in New Hampshire. And if I could do that, well…” Although it was less than the victory she needed, Tiger managed to scratch her way onto the giant slalom podium in Franconia. But it was during the slalom the next day that she had her big revelation. 

The Canadian team had been working with plastic boots since the previous spring,” she remembers. One of our coaches, Dave Jacobs, had struck a close relationship with Bob Lange and so the Canadian men had been testing his boots for some time. Well, my feet were so small that it took Lange a long while to make a boot my size. But by March of 67 they were done, and I received my first pair just before the slalom in Franconia.” A pause. I remember skiing with them that afternoon. I couldnt feel a thing. I cant ski with those,I thought. Way too stiff.’” 

It wasnt love at first try. I was all over the place on my first run… skiing really raggedy. But I got the hang of those boots by the second run and skied really well. Unfortunately I didnt finish—I caught a tip near the bottom of the course. Still, I knew what I could achieve in those boots with a little practice.” She never looked back. By the giant slalom in Vail, Greene was in full form again, winning the run by more than half a second. Only the World Cup finals remained. My dad was still tabulating the points,” says Greene Raine. “’All you have to do,he said, is win the last two races and the title is yours.’” 

Last Stop, Jackson Hole 

For some athletes the pressure would be unbearable. But Tiger thrives on it. Like a laser-guided missile, Greene launched into her Grand Teton weekend by blowing her competitors away in the seasons penultimate race. By the next day and the start of the slaloms second run, Greene was in a three-way tie for the race lead. The overall title was now within her grasp. But the Canadian had to win the run. 

The course-setter for the second run has provided the racers with a choice,” she remembers. Theres an elbow set halfway down the course. The rhythm goes one way, but if you jam your skis hard, you can straight-line the gates, and come out of the elbow with way more speed. But its risky…” 

Greene sees the trick passage during inspection and thinks, Ive got nothing to lose. Im going to shoot the gate.But it might prove costly. While most of the women take the easier route, the racer just ahead of her attempts the straighter line, catches a tip at the top of the elbow and takes out all the gates. 

Now its the Canadian racers turn to worry. There I am standing in the start gate thinking to myself: If they re-set the course any different than it was, Im hooped.’” 

Meanwhile, the announcer at the finish line is whipping up the crowd. What he doesnt know is that there are loudspeakers at the start too. Says Greene Raine: Im still in the start gate, waiting for the course to be cleared, and all I can hear is the emcee saying over and over: The next racer is Nancy Greene. She needs to win here, folks, second place isnt any good.’” She laughs. I think its around the fourth time that he says this could be the most important moment in her lifethat something snaps inside me. This is ridiculous,I think. Its Easter Sunday. Look at the view. What a beautiful place this is.’” She pauses for a beat. 

Ill always remember that moment,” she says. It was like an out-of-body experience. And it put me in just the right frame of mind to race that final run.” Another stop. More laughter. Well, I shot the gate just like Id planned, and made it safely to the finish line. I think I beat Marielle by 0.07 of a second in the total time.” But it was enough. Tiger had just won historys first ever World Cup of skiing by the merest of margins: four points (176- 172). It was a racing tour de force rarely matched since. And it ensured Nancy Greenes place in the ski pantheon of all-time greats. 


– By Michel Beaudry. Photos supplied by Nancy Greene Raine and the Canadian Ski Hall of Fame and Museum. This story first appeared in 2017 in Skiing History.

Nancy Greene defied injury and the odds to win silver and gold at the Grenoble Olympic Games.

Courtesy CBC